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  • Writer's pictureNoah Crowley

Real Estate 101: Ten Essential Terms to Learn Before Purchasing a House (Part 1)

Buying a house is an exciting experience, but it can also be overwhelming, especially if you're not familiar with the terms and concepts involved in real estate transactions. To help you navigate the process and make informed decisions, here are ten real estate terms you should know before buying a house.



1. Closing costs

Closing costs are the fees and expenses associated with the purchase of a home. They can include lender fees, title fees, appraisal fees, and other charges. Closing costs are typically paid at the closing of the sale and can add up to several thousand dollars.

2. Earnest Money

Earnest money is a deposit that a buyer makes to show their intention to buy a property. It's typically a small percentage of the purchase price, and it's held in escrow until the sale is finalized. If the buyer backs out of the sale for reasons not allowed under the purchase contract, the earnest money may be forfeited.

3. Escrow

Escrow is a neutral third-party that holds funds and documents during a real estate transaction. Escrow agents ensure that all parties comply with the terms of the purchase agreement and that funds are disbursed correctly.

4. Home Inspection

A home inspection is a comprehensive assessment of a property's condition. It's typically conducted by a professional inspector and includes a detailed report on the home's systems, structural components, and potential defects.

5. Appraisal

An appraisal is an evaluation of a property's value. It's typically performed by a licensed appraiser and considers factors such as the property's location, condition, and comparable sales in the area. Appraisals are used by lenders to determine how much they're willing to lend a borrower.

6. Real Estate Agent

A real estate agent is a licensed professional who helps buyers and sellers with the purchase and sale of real estate. They can provide guidance on market conditions, negotiate on behalf of their clients, and handle the paperwork and legal aspects of a sale.

7. Title Insurance

Title insurance protects a buyer's ownership interest in a property. It ensures that the title to the property is free from defects or other claims that could affect ownership rights. Title insurance is typically required by lenders as a condition of the mortgage.

8. Mortgage

A mortgage is a loan used to finance the purchase of a property. The borrower agrees to make regular payments to the lender, which includes both principal and interest. Mortgages can be fixed-rate or adjustable-rate and can have different terms and repayment periods.

9. Pre-Approval

A pre-approval is a preliminary assessment of a borrower's creditworthiness. It's typically based on a review of the borrower's income, assets, and credit history. Pre-approval can give buyers an idea of how much they can afford to borrow and help them make more informed decisions about the homes they consider.

10. Zoning Laws

Zoning laws regulate the use of land and buildings in a given area. They can dictate what types of structures can be built, where they can be located, and how they can be used. Buyers should be aware of local zoning laws when considering a property to ensure that their intended use is permitted.


In conclusion, understanding these real estate terms can help you navigate the home-buying process with confidence. Working with a knowledgeable real estate agent can also provide valuable guidance and support throughout the process.

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